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Mask Making Demo Part A by Qarrezel Mask Making Demo Part A by Qarrezel
An overview to explain how we mold and cast our mask bases.

PLEASE READ the whole description! It explains all the steps, lists materials used here, and links to smooth-on.com where I buy my rubbers and resins.
I WILL NOT answer any questions the answers to which are in the descriptions or can easily be answered with a visit to smooth-on's website (or even a quick google search). I will also not detail this process further.

WEAR CHEMICAL RESISTANT GLOVES, A RESPIRATOR, AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING!
I'll say it again:
WEAR CHEMICAL RESISTANT GLOVES, A RESPIRATOR, AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING!
DO NOT DO THIS NEAR FOOD SURFACES! DO NOT EAT OR DRINK NEAR YOUR WORK AREA! DO NOT HANDLE OR USE THESE CHEMICALS NEAR CHILDREN OR PETS!
If I see anyone else blatantly ignoring basic safety precautions, I absolutely will take this tutorial down.

Description of steps:

1.) I start with a model in wax based plasteline. This model is done over a full head cast, but it could also be done over a face cast or any other form.

2.) I build up a rim around the sculpture, to create a retaining ledge for the silicone.

3.) Bits of clay to add support to the ledge.

4.) The head cast is laid flat and leveled. I am using a tin-cure silicone* to make the mold. Both parts of the liquid rubber are measured into mixing cups, along with a thickening agent to make brush-on easier**.

5.) The two parts are thoroughly mixed together, and then brushed onto the model. After layer one has cured mostly, I add a second layer of rubber.

6.) I quickly cast two rectangular pieces in the same silicone, which I will cut up and use to make keys (keys hold the floppy rubber more securely in the mother mold)***

7.) I add a third layer of rubber, and stick the key pieces onto the curing surface. They will permanantly fuse to the rubber as it finishes curing.

8.) Once layer three has cured, I brush on a fourth and final layer. When that layer is cured, I draw a parting line down the middle, to use as a guideline for making the mothermold.

CONTINUED:
Part B - [link] Part C - [link]

------------------------------------------------------------------

* This is not typically the rubber of choice for a brush-on mold, and this rubber in particular is formulated to be poured. Also, it has a short library life in relation to a platinum-cure silicone, and is prone to tearing. However, it's a somewhat cheaper sort of rubber than a platinum silicone, and I get the brush-on to work fine for me. Also, a high mold-turnover rate is almost ideal for me, since I tend to update these molds often, anyway. But in general I recommend platinum cure silicones - Rebound 25 from smooth-on is a favorite of many.

** Although this thickening agent, in the case of the particular silicone I am using, more accelerates the cure speed than actually thickens the rubber outright. It works for me.

*** This is totally my own freaky way of doing keys. I have never heard of anyone else keying like this, and that's because it's just silly. However, it's fast and cheap, so I'm doing it, so there.

Materials used here:
head lifecast
sulphur-free plasteline (Jolly King brand)
OOMOO 30 from smooth-on
Chemical-resistant nitrile gloves
Paper cups and popsicle sticks (for mixing)

To learn more about the materials I'm using, and to learn more about mold making and casting basics, visit Smooth-On.com: [link]
Add a Comment:
 
:iconiamwarriorchristain:
IamWarriorChristain Featured By Owner Jan 22, 2015  Student General Artist
How much does it cost on average to make these?
Reply
:iconskyler-ragnarok:
Skyler-Ragnarok Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2015
This Plasteline is much harder than I expected. Do you have any tips on how to hold and shape it?
Reply
:iconbeestinqs:
beestinqs Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
so making these is really dangerous? (Hence the respirator etc) hmm.
Reply
:iconqarrezel:
Qarrezel Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2014  Professional Artisan Crafter
Yes, one can develop a pretty severe sensitivity/allergy to the liquid resins, and you must protect against skin contact and vapor inhalation.
Reply
:iconshelandrystudio:
ShelandryStudio Featured By Owner Feb 19, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
sweet, thank you for sharing
Reply
:iconl-a-b-r-a-d-o-r:
L-A-B-R-A-D-O-R Featured By Owner Jan 7, 2014
how easy is it to get the clay sculpt off of the head after molding?
Reply
:iconpickledshoe:
pickledshoe Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2014  Student General Artist
So after reading the smooth on information I assume  you must have a vacuum pump and chamber then? I am looking into wanting to make my own resin mask for cosplay I want to do in the future.  I am only wanting to do this one mask would a polyurethane mold be more suited for a one time use, or could I get away with out having to use a vacuum. I really don't want to have to shell out so much cash just to use silicone.

 Sorry if my questions seem dumb i'm just trying to learn as much as I can and I figured you would have some good advice for a newbie.
Reply
:iconpickledshoe:
pickledshoe Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2014  Student General Artist
Oh god sorry I just found the OOMOO 25,30 silicone and that requires no vacuuming thank god!Tthat clears up that problem sorry for being a spaz.
Reply
:iconturnipberry:
turnipBerry Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
For the initial sculpture of the head, are you using clay? 
Reply
:iconwolflord123:
WolfLord123 Featured By Owner Nov 11, 2013
do you sell masks ?
Reply
:iconselparda:
Selparda Featured By Owner Oct 30, 2013
You are very nice who showing a good tutorial for free :-D <3
But is it air drying clay or ovenbake or just clay that don't need to be hard?
And can i make a mask this way but not just have mask on the face, but on the whole head?
And is the best way to make a solid, easy to lift, pretty and not so fast hot mask to make it with resin?
Reply
:iconselparda:
Selparda Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2013
so the face you made first is just something you just take out when that you took on the top have dried? And when the mask is finished, is it easy to lift, can withstand a lot and does not heat up so fast?
Reply
:icondistressedlittlemoon:
Duuudde, this is just like on Face-Off!
Reply
:iconqarrezel:
Qarrezel Featured By Owner Oct 12, 2013  Professional Artisan Crafter
Haha - yes, it's a very similar process. Although not nearly as fast, and with a lot less swearing ;)
Reply
:iconwanderingshiningami:
WanderingShiningami Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2014
Swearing is half the fun lol
Reply
:icondamned-soul91692:
Damned-soul91692 Featured By Owner Sep 4, 2013
i have a simple question i found a wax based clay at walmart. will it work for making a mold or will it fall apart before i even get started? the reason i ask this because walmart is the only store in my town that has art supplies. sorry if i made little sense. thanks for readingSleepy
Reply
:icondragon-princess08:
Dragon-princess08 Featured By Owner Aug 27, 2013  Student General Artist
This is amazing.. Hmm Once i have a job, ill get stuck into this one. :) 
Reply
:iconghostileafe:
GhostiLeafe Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2013  Hobbyist
Awesome! I have some air drying clay, and I'm wondering, would it be ok if I used it to make a mould?
Reply
:iconpurple-reaper:
purple-reaper Featured By Owner Jun 27, 2013  Hobbyist
thank you so much for this tutorial i just finisshed a mold my first
Reply
:iconzombiehun:
ZombieHun Featured By Owner Jun 15, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
for step 5, are you waiting for it to slowly start to thicken before you brush it on? i am making a new doll and the head is kinda large so i would like to try this method of making its mold
Reply
:iconxartmaniac:
XArtManiac Featured By Owner May 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Did you do the head and shoulders cast on yourself or did you buy it? If you did where? Because the whole life casting my face isnt working out...
Reply
:iconisaned:
isaned Featured By Owner Aug 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
You could probably buy a foam mannequin head from a beauty supply store. Just make sure it's of "reasonable" size (like close to the dimensions of your own head/the size of head you want to make the mask for) and you could cover the face of the head with some clear plastic wrap to keep the clay from sticking to it too much.
Reply
:iconxartmaniac:
XArtManiac Featured By Owner Aug 25, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Ok thank you very much!!!
Reply
:iconprofessorkoolkat:
ProfessorKoolKat Featured By Owner Apr 23, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Looks awesome!!! Props to you, bro!
Reply
:iconjmoorez:
jmoorez Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2013
where do you get the wax, and how many ounces of it do you need? i have been looking for it everywhere, and cannot find it.
Reply
:iconcontradictingcats:
ContradictingCats Featured By Owner Jul 9, 2013  Student Artist
The type of clay is the kind of clay that you can buy in the crayola crafts section labeled "modelling clay" that doesn't air dry. I got myself a few big packs of it and it works well. Just you need I be fine with having a multi-Colored sculpt xD
Reply
:iconjmoorez:
jmoorez Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2013
i am eleven, and i want to post my progress, r u going to take it down if i do this? it would be my third time making a mask though.
Reply
:iconcoldfang22:
coldfang22 Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2013   General Artist
can u send me a link of where i can get some of that stuff?
Reply
:icontanuksan:
Tanuksan Featured By Owner Nov 9, 2012
oh okey thank so much :) I studdy that
Reply
:icongrandpatoenail:
grandpatoenail Featured By Owner Oct 24, 2012
thanks so much for this! it's a great help!
Reply
:icontranscendingdesigns:
TranscendingDesigns Featured By Owner Oct 8, 2012
Thank you for the information
Reply
:iconsilverfang98:
Silverfang98 Featured By Owner Sep 29, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
so where and how do you get the suplies, and how much do they cost?
Reply
:icondragongames:
DragonGames Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
would one trial size of rebound 25 be enough for the process?
Reply
:iconqarrezel:
Qarrezel Featured By Owner Sep 9, 2012  Professional Artisan Crafter
yes, probably, if your mask is not too much larger than the one I molded
Reply
:icondragongames:
DragonGames Featured By Owner Sep 9, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
its the same size about and thank you SO much! thats a question ive been waiting for someone to answer :)
Reply
:iconl-a-b-r-a-d-o-r:
L-A-B-R-A-D-O-R Featured By Owner Aug 13, 2012
what are the little cubes of clay for at the end???
Reply
:icondragongames:
DragonGames Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
to hold the mold in the hard outer shell better, if you dont have them its more likely to flop around, resulting in a bit of a deformed cast
Reply
:iconl-a-b-r-a-d-o-r:
L-A-B-R-A-D-O-R Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2012
ok thanks!
Reply
:iconshunkamanitutanka:
ShunkaManituTanka Featured By Owner Jul 14, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Could the original model be made with sculpy clay, and would you have to bake it first?
Reply
:iconsharpe19:
Sharpe19 Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Artisan Crafter
Actually, ignore what Dawn says below. A couple large bricks of sculpy CAN be used, but baking won't be needed. What you are mainly trying to avoid is having sulfur being an ingredient in the clay as it prevents the silicone from curing. I have used both sculpy and super sculpy (backed and not) and have had fine results. Baking it would only be a hassle that would not be needed.
Reply
:iconyamishizen:
Yamishizen Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2012  Student Artisan Crafter
it would not be able to be made from sculpy, even if it could, it'd cost HUNDREDS of dollars worth of sculpy
Reply
:iconshunkamanitutanka:
ShunkaManituTanka Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Ok then ._. I shall not use sculpy then >.>
Reply
:iconyamishizen:
Yamishizen Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2012  Student Artisan Crafter
yeah, dont kk
Reply
:iconshunkamanitutanka:
ShunkaManituTanka Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
Oh trust meh, lol, I wont >.>
Reply
:iconyamishizen:
Yamishizen Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2012  Student Artisan Crafter
goooood
Reply
:iconshunkamanitutanka:
ShunkaManituTanka Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
lol
Reply
:iconyamishizen:
Yamishizen Featured By Owner Jul 20, 2012  Student Artisan Crafter
NOM nom
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconripple09:
ripple09 Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
how did you make the base in part 1?
Reply
:icondragongames:
DragonGames Featured By Owner Jul 3, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
would Rebound 25 work for the silicone?
Reply
:iconalucardsbitch:
AlucardsBitch Featured By Owner Jul 1, 2012
This is great, and really helpful, just wondering, how much silicone/ moulding rubber did you use to make this mould? Many Thanks
Reply
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